Harawa and Adimora linked high incarceration rates among both men and women in the African American community with HIV through a number of mechanisms, including the role incarceration plays in reducing the number of male sexual partners available to African American women. The second stage consent process required the women to give separate consent to have the focus group digitally recorded for later transcription and coding. Pain and Discomfort Coercion and violence notwithstanding, many participants reported other sensations of pain and discomfort arising from anal intercourse, including emotional distress. Taking sexual scripting theory into account, however, a more complex story emerges from the data. Although each participant was not required to answer each question, the facilitator did encourage participation from all women and made efforts to elicit diverging perspectives. Among those women who had experienced non-consensual anal intercourse in the past, more than one participant also reported engaging in anal intercourse of her own accord, for non-transactional purposes, on other occasions. Introduction to the issue. Additionally, as the participants included only those women who were willing to be interviewed about a highly-stigmatized practice, we know little about the experiences of women who may feel uncomfortable discussing anal intercourse with a stranger
And it sounds like you, like you said [earlier], he pleased you so much. Data Analysis The audio files produced by the recording equipment in MP3 format were transcribed verbatim and imported into Dedoose, an on-line qualitative analysis program that facilitates coding, sorting, and displaying mixed method data. Simon W, Gagnon JH. Knerr W, Philpott A. Given that the need for female-controlled alternatives to condoms encompasses products that can be used intrarectally as well as vaginally, rectal microbicides should be marketed to women as well as to MSM. For example, engaging in an unusual practice with her casual sexual partner made one participant feel more desirable: Dedoose was used to assess inter-rater reliability utilizing a random selection of one-third of the excerpts created by the second author. The reason is that we mostly used the condoms in order not to get pregnant. Among those women who had experienced non-consensual anal intercourse in the past, more than one participant also reported engaging in anal intercourse of her own accord, for non-transactional purposes, on other occasions. Far from being uncomfortable with anal intercourse, as we might expect of an activity that is so often stigmatized 1 , this participant took satisfaction in being the object of male desire and, in doing so, reaffirmed her sense of being a beautiful, desirable woman. Positive physical experiences included liking the sensation. An understudied, high-risk sexual behavior. When these omissions were counted as disagreements, the kappa coefficient was. For all but one participant, the last occasions of anal intercourse occurred alongside other forms of sexual activity, such as oral sex and vaginal intercourse. Aldine de Gruyter; A person will not feel anything during the act," he writes. Past experience with AI including emotional and physical reactions was identified. Many of the women also endorsed positive emotional experiences of AI, including that it was more intimate than vaginal sex, and that it was something they reserved only for special partners. High-risk sexual behavior among heterosexual undergraduates at a Midwestern university. Most studies of heterosexual HIV transmission fail to distinguish between vaginal and anal intercourse in their assessments of coital acts, thus continuing to overlook anal intercourse as a potential source of HIV transmission. The increased risk of HIV transmission through anal intercourse has been well documented in studies of homosexual and bisexual men; however, there has only recently been interest in documenting comparable risks among heterosexual samples. Through these traditional gender roles and sexual scripts e. Femininity as a barrier to positive sexual health for adolescent girls. Given that anal intercourse is associated with higher rates of heterosexual HIV transmission than vaginal intercourse 10 — 13 , women who engage in unprotected anal intercourse with sexual partners of unknown or seropositive status may be at greater risk for acquiring HIV than women who do not practice anal intercourse or who use protection while doing so. Only women who were willing to consent at both stages, that is, to participate in the focus group and to allow the group to be recorded, participated in the final focus groups.
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