Their experiences included working with a wide range of crops in both fields and packing houses. Contractors are often second-generation or long-term immigrants who speak better English as well as Spanish and are better able to communicate with workers than growers are. Most of the farmworker interviews were done individually, except in a few cases where interviewees preferred to speak in small groups. He forcibly groped her and began kissing her neck. Victims  of sexual violence and harassment are often reluctant to describe these experiences, yet nearly all of the 52 workers we interviewed, including many not specifically identified in advance as having been victims of such abuses, said they had experienced sexual violence or harassment or knew other workers who had. Investigate every reported instance of sexual violence or harassment and take prompt corrective action to remedy the problem. She consulted with a caseworker at a local agency for domestic violence survivors, who advised her to report the incident to the owner of the farm. Rape and Other Forms of Coercive Sexual Conduct Rape and other forms of coercive sexual conduct are the most egregious forms of sexual violence and harassment experienced by farmworkers.
Some were accompanied by their daughters. As noted in the methodology section above, two testimonies come from workers with experiences in poultry processing and some of the secondary accounts and published cases discuss sexual violence and sexual harassment in meat production and dairy and egg production workplaces. Several of the sexual harassment lawsuits brought by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission have alleged rape as well as other forms of workplace harassment. For over 10 years, she said, she endured daily harassment while packing broccoli: A study of indigenous farmworkers in California identified 23 different languages spoken by these workers, the most common being Zapoteco, Mixteco, and Triqui. Those who are newcomers and more vulnerable tend to feel obligated to pay for a service like a ride from a raitero, a worker who provides transportation to the worksite. In her experience, women in general were not valued by the supervisors and the foremen, but Angela reported that because she did not have a partner, she was singled out for abuse. Newcomers to the US are most likely to be migrant workers,  and as migrants, they are less likely to know about the communities in which they live temporarily and to have access to social services. A foreman can have significant authority because he informs workers which fields they should report to and is typically responsible for determining pay. She dialed , the only number she knew, but when the police came, they spoke only English and Spanish, and interviewed her with the perpetrator in the same room. California law, for example, requires trainings to be provided only in Spanish and English, with no requirement that the workers understand. The SAWP contains no pathway to citizenship, even for men and women who have worked in Canada for decades. Because she was afraid and unable to communicate, she said she had not been raped. The Lasting Impact of Workplace Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment Even after workplace sexual violence or harassment ends, survivors continue to suffer the consequences of the abuses. The agricultural industry has long been treated differently than other industries under US labor law. Angela reported that after she entered the house, he raped her. In , 55 percent of foreign born-workers reported having been in the US for at least 10 years; 29 percent reported having been in the US for more than 20 years. Harassment often lasts for months, even years, and perpetrators often victimize multiple workers, regardless of whether complaints are made to company management. My son broke a leg riding a bike when someone ran him over. They are subject to discrimination in their home countries, then come to the US only to find that non-indigenous or mestizo immigrants continue to discriminate against them. While employed on a cherry orchard in the Similkameen Valley, her boss sexually assaulted her. Luz not her real name , a year-old actor from Sonora, Mexico, was one such tourist. Some in this group came to the US with a visa but stayed past their visa expiration date or otherwise violated the terms of admission. When I got home, all I could do was cry. She still has not told her family in Mexico what happened. Because many farmworkers work with family members, retaliation can mean the victim is fired along with her family, resulting in loss of income to the entire household. Workers in abusive workplaces often have difficulty transferring to a new boss.
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