After investigating and exclusion of duplicates, papers remained. Empirical evidence about the sexual behaviors of MMT patients have appeared in a variety of contexts with different populations [ 1 ], including former MMT patients [ 2 ], cocaine users [ 3 , 4 ], HIV positive patients [ 5 ] and female sex partners [ 6 ]. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. We invited them to a private room of the clinic to ensure the confidentiality and a pleasant atmosphere for the interview. Reviewing full texts, showed 46 irrelevant studies. Then, titles, abstracts and full texts were reviewed and irrelevant papers were identified and removed. Methadone was thought to have a stronger inhibition effect on sexual desire than heroin.
Methadone, MMT, Sexual behaviors, Vietnam Background Methadone is widely used for opioid addiction treatment, due to its high effectiveness on reducing the frequency of illicit drug use and injection [ 1 ]. Current drug use and living in a remote area were associated with an increased odd of having two or more sexual partners, while anxiety or depression was associated with lower odds. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. There was a gender difference in coping with SD. Measurements and instruments Face-to-face interviews were conducted by well-trained interviewers including health staff working at the Tuyen Quang Center for Preventive Medicine and master students of public health at the Hanoi Medical University. Empirical evidence about the sexual behaviors of MMT patients have appeared in a variety of contexts with different populations [ 1 ], including former MMT patients [ 2 ], cocaine users [ 3 , 4 ], HIV positive patients [ 5 ] and female sex partners [ 6 ]. However, currently, there is an increasing trend nationwide of HIV being spread by risky sexual behavior in most-at-risk populations such as sex workers, men who have sex with men, and injection drug users [ 12 ]. Mahmood Moosazadeh PhD, Email: Reviewing full texts, showed 46 irrelevant studies. Because we only interviewed patients with a questionnaire, the respondents did not suffer any adverse effects. Patients with SD did not get any effective therapy from clinicians and they also lacked skills on coping with SD-related problems. Conclusion This study highlights a low proportion of having sexual risk behaviors among MMT patients in Vietnamese mountainous settings. Only moderate and high quality studies were entered into the final meta-analysis. Exclusion criteria were studies with unknown sample size, without full text, quality score less than The sexual behaviors among people who inject drugs PWID in Vietnam has been extensively studied [ 8 , 13 ]. The former represents an urban area in Tuyen Quang province, while the latter reflects a more remote and rural area of the region. Therefore, more data about sexual behaviors among MMT patients is needed to develop interventions in this population. We also investigated the duration of MMT among patients. Methadone therapy, Sexual dysfunction, Libido, Orgasm, Erection Introduction Sexual problems which has involved up to In addition, individuals living in mountainous parts of Vietnam, which are hard-to-reach areas, have been found to have a higher prevalence of a range of health problems [ 17 ]. The mean age of participants was However, some patients did not accept to participate because of several reasons such as 1 being uncomfortable; 2 feeling not private and 3 having busy work. There were patients currently managed in these two clinics. A convenience sample of patients was enrolled in the study. Standard error of the prevalence was calculated based on binomial distribution formula.
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