Human trafficking in Norway Norway is a destination and, to a lesser extent, transit and source country for women and girls subjected to sex trafficking. Nationally, it carries out research and education on prostitution, and provides a resource on national and international developments in prostitution. If the sexual activity or sexual act is carried out in a particularly offensive manner and no penalty may be imposed pursuant to other provisions, the penalty shall be imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year The ban extends to Norwegians outside of Norway extra territorial law. If a child is in the company of sex workers, this may lead to intervention under the act. For instance, in one part of Mediaeval law, the Frostathing Law , it is stated, "If a woman lies with a man whom she is not allowed to possess, she owes a fine of three marks, just as he does with whom she lies". While prostitution was defined as an immoral vice , it was street prostitution that was especially frowned upon, being visible. Amongst these were "societies for the defense of moral standards", concerned inter alia with prostitution and the government's failure to deal with it.
The media, the church, and social commentators started to express concerns about prostitution which was labelled as The Great Social Evil. In , as part of its Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Women and Children ,  the Justice Ministry investigated the situation in both the Netherlands which had recently legalized brothels and Sweden to better inform the debate, and concluded that neither approach would be appropriate at that point. Tax and VAT All income is taxable, including income from prostitution, but implementation varies. In deciding whether the offence is gross, particular importance shall be attached to whether the person exposed to the act was under the age of 18, whether gross violence or coercion was used or whether the act led to considerable gain. Immigration Act It is for foreigners to work as prostitutes in Norway, because prostitution is not considered legal work. Child Welfare Act Protects and gives rights to children under the age of For instance, in one part of Mediaeval law, the Frostathing Law , it is stated, "If a woman lies with a man whom she is not allowed to possess, she owes a fine of three marks, just as he does with whom she lies". Those entitled to social welfare benefits may claim economical support from NAV when not employed and indigent. There has been considerable criticism of the law and its effects. Prostitution in Norway today[ edit ] In , it was estimated there were 3, sex workers prostituert, prostituerte pl. Albertine at the Police Doctor's Waiting Room , by Christian Krohg ,  Prostitution was criminalized in Norway with the introduction of the new Criminal Code Norske Lov in , but was made legal again when the Penal Code Straffeloven was revised in ,  when the prohibition of both the sale and purchase of sex was lifted. Police Act Section 7 Public order and peace allows the police to stop breaches of the peace or intervene when there is reason to fear such a breach. The ban on purchasing sexual services has reduced demand for sex and thus contribute to reduce the extent of prostitution in Norway. It does not allow collective restrictions to be imposed on sex workers. Norwegian General Civil Penal Code Straffeloven [ edit ] Section 60a "If a criminal act has been committed as part of the activity of an organized criminal group, the maximum penalty laid down in the penal provision shall be increased to double its prescribed limit, but not by more than five years' imprisonment. Some people have been made to pay tax on their estimated earnings from prostitution, while some have registered as self-employed, to benefit from the rights that taxpayers have. They also describe themselves as gledespike literally, fille de joie , or hjelpepleier health worker. Nationally, it carries out research and education on prostitution, and provides a resource on national and international developments in prostitution. They were particularly concerned about the unintended effects of the Swedish approach p. Various institutions stated a desire to rescue 'fallen women', and help them exit their trade and 're-enter society', training them for positions such as domestic servants. Response[ edit ] Critics argued that while one could show trends in prostitution, it was simplistic to argue that they were a direct result of regulatory change, given the complex social phenomenon and the many forces acting on it. Liv Jessen from Pro-Sentret compared this to the punitive approach of the radical "Women's Front" Kvinnefronten , a feminist activist group. It was set up by Oslo city, and co-funded by the government, with some private donations. Around this time, sexual acts started to be moved from civil law largely with fines to criminal law. They and the Liberals hold the balance of power in supporting the minority Conservative coalition government.
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